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Orange County Wound Care Treatments

A chronic wound is a wound that does not progress in an orderly set of stages and in a predictable amount of time the way most wounds do; wounds that do not heal within four weeks to three months are often defined as chronic. Several factors come into play such as poor blood circulation, diabetes, and/ or compromised immunity, which disrupts the wound healing process.

Chronic wound treatment often involves both wound management and pain relief.

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Orange County

California

What are the available treatments for chronic wounds?

Wound cleaning & dressings

The wound is cleaned normally using a saline (salt) or cleaning solution. Proper cleaning can greatly reduce the risk of getting infections which can lead to severe medical complications. Once the wound has been cleansed, it is covered with a dressing. Some dressings contain growth factors that help the healing process. Oftentimes, wounds are kept moist to promote the growth of the body's cell.

Debridement

Debridement is the process in which dead or inflamed tissues are removed. Healthcare providers will use instruments such as tweezers or a scalpel to remove dead tissues. There are also other techniques used to clean the wound including using high pressure or the use of a certain species of maggots that are specially bred for medical purposes. Anesthesia may be used to numb the area and reduce discomfort. Painkillers can also be prescribed before the treatment.

Antibiotics

To prevent bacterial infection, antibiotics may be administered. The doctors or nurses can apply the medication directly to the wound using an ointment or placed it on the wound using a compress.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy

A special chamber supplied with abundant oxygen volume will be used, which allows the patient to breathe in oxygen under high pressure. As a result, the patients’ oxygen concentration in their blood increases that ultimately improves blood supply to the wound area.

Ultrasound therapy

Recent research has shown that the use of ultrasound therapy in treating chronic wounds is promising. Several reported advantages over other non-medication techniques include its capability of deep penetration and highly orienting to reach deep-seated tissues.

Negative pressure wound therapy (Vacuum-assisted closure or VAC therapy)

In this technique, the wound is covered with an airtight dressing that is hooked to a pump, which sucks the fluids out of the wound. As a result, the surface of the wound is covered with negative pressure, thus, it increases the flow of blood to the wound and enhances the healing process. VAC therapy is often used in some hospitals to treat chronic or large open wounds.

Skin grafts

Skin grafts are the techniques which are often used in many hospitals and medical facilities. It is a surgical procedure in which the skin is removed from one area of the body and transplanted to a different area of the body, particularly onto the wounds such as burns, injury, or illness. There are two basic types of skin grafts: split-thickness and full-thickness grafts. For split-thickness grafts, the top layer of the skin (epidermis and dermis) is extracted. The full-thickness grafts are involved in deeper extraction of the skin from the donor. General anesthesia may be considered to reduce pain and discomfort. Research suggests that chronic foot wounds also heal faster after a skin graft than after standard treatment.

Wound cleaning & dressings

The wound is cleaned normally using a saline (salt) or cleaning solution. Proper cleaning can greatly reduce the risk of getting infections which can lead to severe medical complications. Once the wound has been cleansed, it is covered with a dressing. Some dressings contain growth factors that help the healing process. Oftentimes, wounds are kept moist to promote the growth of the body's cell.

Debridement

Debridement is the process in which dead or inflamed tissues are removed. Healthcare providers will use instruments such as tweezers or a scalpel to remove dead tissues. There are also other techniques used to clean the wound including using high pressure or the use of a certain species of maggots that are specially bred for medical purposes. Anesthesia may be used to numb the area and reduce discomfort. Painkillers can also be prescribed before the treatment.

Antibiotics

To prevent bacterial infection, antibiotics may be administered. The doctors or nurses can apply the medication directly to the wound using an ointment or placed it on the wound using a compress.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy

A special chamber supplied with abundant oxygen volume will be used, which allows the patient to breathe in oxygen under high pressure. As a result, the patients’ oxygen concentration in their blood increases that ultimately improves blood supply to the wound area.

Ultrasound therapy

Recent research has shown that the use of ultrasound therapy in treating chronic wounds is promising. Several reported advantages over other non-medication techniques include its capability of deep penetration and highly orienting to reach deep-seated tissues.

Negative pressure wound therapy (Vacuum-assisted closure or VAC therapy)

In this technique, the wound is covered with an airtight dressing that is hooked to a pump, which sucks the fluids out of the wound. As a result, the surface of the wound is covered with negative pressure, thus, it increases the flow of blood to the wound and enhances the healing process. VAC therapy is often used in some hospitals to treat chronic or large open wounds.

Skin grafts

Skin grafts are the techniques which are often used in many hospitals and medical facilities. It is a surgical procedure in which the skin is removed from one area of the body and transplanted to a different area of the body, particularly onto the wounds such as burns, injury, or illness. There are two basic types of skin grafts: split-thickness and full-thickness grafts. For split-thickness grafts, the top layer of the skin (epidermis and dermis) is extracted. The full-thickness grafts are involved in deeper extraction of the skin from the donor. General anesthesia may be considered to reduce pain and discomfort. Research suggests that chronic foot wounds also heal faster after a skin graft than after standard treatment.

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Orange County

California

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